ProGuitarShop

Taming 60 Cycle Hum

June 2, 2011

Hi folks.  Welcome back to the Corner.  This week we’re going to touch upon everyone’s favorite gremlin, 60 cycle hum.  We all know the basics; keep it away from bright light, don’t feed it after midnight, don’t get it wet.  What some people don’t know is there are a few basic steps that can be taken to ensure the quietest possible rig as well as some very easy troubleshooting that can be done in order to isolate the problem to a cable or a piece of gear.  We’re going to have a fun little discussion on this today so read up and enjoy.  If we don’t get deep enough into something or you have something to add, please post it in the comments so everyone can share the knowledge.  That’s what this is about.

 

Bring the Noise

The first thing to consider is when the noise started.  A lot of times if you can identify a condition (i.e. adding a new pedal, using new/old cables) you can identify the source of the problem.  Since this is not always possible, we’ll go through a little troubleshooting guide to help out.  The difficulty in doing this will vary depending on how large your rig is.  If you’re simply plugging the guitar directly into your amp, this will be a piece of cake.  If you’re hauling around 32 effects, two amps, and 4 guitars then it can take some time.

The easiest way to identify the source of noise is to strip everything out of your signal chain.  Turn everything off and unplug all effects both in front and in an effects loop.  If you have a cable tester, now’s the time to open it up and put it to work.  Test ALL cables including speaker cables if you have a head/cab setup.  If you don’t have a cable tester, pull out the newest or most reliable cable you have and start with it.  Next, use your known good cable to plug the guitar directly into the amp (What? No effects?  Don’t worry, this is only temporary).  Turn it up and play. Is the noise still there?  If yes, try another guitar if you have one on hand.  Is the noise still there?  If yes, try another cable.  If you still have noise, there may be an issue with your amp or with the A/C line voltage (old wiring in houses and clubs is common).  If there is no noise without your effects hooked in, start introducing one effect at a until you start getting the noise you heard.   From there, unplug all other effects and run just that one that caused the noise.  Is it still there?  If yes, you’ve found your culprit.  Be sure to check the patch cable associated with that effect as well.  This can be time consuming but very worthwhile in reducing the overall frustration of tracking down noise.  Now let’s talk about what to do about it.

Circuit Tester

 

Guitar

So if the noise is coming from your guitar there are a couple of things to look at.  First, if your guitar uses single coils (Strat, Tele) then switch to one of the “in-between” positions, this will be position 2 on a Tele and positions 2 and 4 on a Strat.  Does the noise go away?  If so, you’re dealing with good old fashioned single coil noise that is inherent in the pickups.  If the noise doesn’t go away, you could be dealing with a bad ground connection in your guitar.  Make sure the pickups are reverse polarity (neck in a Tele and middle in a Strat) otherwise these “in between” positions will not be hum canceling.  Some 50’s spec Strat pickups are offered with a non RWRP (Reverse Wound, Reverse Polarity) middle pickup to be vintage correct.  This will not be hum canceling and will emit the same hum as an individual single coil.

So what to do if all positions hum?  If you’re handy with a soldering iron, pull it out and get ready.  The quickest way to fix a bad ground is to just re-solder them all.  If you cannot visually find a bad connection then making sure all of them are soldered well is a must.  Don’t forget the ground wire that goes to the bridge!  Once all grounds are secure, plug in and check it out.  You should notice a significant reduction in hum, if not, you might want to refer to a guitar technician to have the pickups and electronics tested or pull everything out and completely re-wire the guitar.

Single coil hum is a hotly debated subject with guitarists.  Some hate it but love the sound of the pickups while some can’t live without the hum on their Strat.  The simple fact of the matter is this, if you want true vintage style Strat or Tele tone, you have to use single coil pickups and they will hum.  There are a few ways to improve this though.  First, a proper grounding scheme and cavity shielding treatment will usually reduce single coil hum to a minimal level.  It won’t completely rid you of hum but it should help bring down the noise floor to the point where it’s not as annoying.  This link is to an article on http://www.guitarnuts.com that is a fantastic walk-through of cavity shielding and “star grounding”.  I highly recommend any Strat or Tele player read this even if you don’t implement it yourself.

There are also hum canceling pickup alternatives to single coils.  By using a “dummy coil” manufacturers have managed to produce hum-free pickups that still retain most of the single coil charm.  There again though, some people love them and some feel that they don’t retain all of the characteristics of a true single coil pickup.  Suhr has an incredibly cool product called the BPSSC or Silent Single Coil Backplate for Strats.  This cool little device actually has a dummy coil in the backplate that cuts hum from your Strat while retaining all the clarity and chime of the pickups.  This is perfect for vintage pickups or simply the single coil enthusiast that wants to keep the original tone without the noise.

 

Amps

So if you’re finding the noise is originating in your amplifier, this is a tougher problem to tackle.  If you’re playing a tube amp, have all your tubes tested for microphonics.  A microphonic tube can be a sign that the tube is failing, which can cause all kinds of mischief.  Simply take a nonconductive item such a pencil or chopstick and tap your tubes lightly one by one. If you hear any feedback or tones coming from the speaker, you could have a bad tube. Although an improperly biased amp could produce many different side affects, hum can be one of them some amps have a “hum bias” control on the back precisely for this reason.

Also, since tube amplifiers (especially vintage ones) are susceptible to line noise (from your wall) it’s always a good idea to have a high quality power conditioner.  These can be pricey but with onboard circuit protection and noise reduction, a good conditioner is invaluable to the gigging guitarist.  My amp has been saved from bad power surges several times and the high quality line noise reduction keeps the noise out at smaller clubs that shares power with lighting.  Aside from these two tips on amplifier noise, if they don’t help it’s time to call the tech.  Amplifiers contain deadly voltages so it’s not advised to go searching for loose wires or connections on your own unless you know what you’re doing.

 

Effects

This is where it gets tricky.  Especially when dealing with vintage effects, noise is always an issue.  Sometimes it’s the nature of the beast with that old Arbiter fuzz or Rams Head Big Muff.  Vintage effects in general were not always quiet.  If you have a vintage pedal that produces hum as well as an effect, there will likely be a mod out there somewhere to make it quieter.   The most useful tool you can have in this case is an isolated power supply.  Most wall warts should eliminate line noise but a solid multi-power supply with isolated outputs is your best defense.  If there is a single pedal that is problematic even with the isolated power, try it with a battery instead.

T-Rex Fuel Tank

For a large pedal board, make sure you have an isolated power supply, such as the T-Rex Fuel Tank

 

 

Ground Loops

 

Ah yes… there could be a book written about ground loops and they can be tough to deal with.  In my experience I’ve found a few tricks that have gotten me through the gig.  First of all let’s talk about what a ground loop is.  The most basic definition is a ground loop is a situation where there is more than one electrical path to ground.  If these multiple paths are at the same potential, then there should be no issue but when they are at different potentials one can interfere with the other causing 60 cycle hum and possibly a shock hazard.  Now this is a very basic explanation and there are plenty of knowledgeable folks out there who can explain it better so we’ll rely on help from the comments section on this one.  I am certainly not a scientist!

It seems that I’ve most often encountered guitar related ground loops when using two amplifiers or an effects loop.  I’ve also seen many people do things to prevent ground loops that I would never attempt.  The first thing NOT to do is to clip the ground lug off your amplifier plug or use a ground lift adapter.  I know you’ll see people on the interwebz telling you differently but don’t do it!  Does it work?  I have to use a ground lift when pairing my Echoplex with certain amps but lifting the ground on say a tube amplifier can cause high voltages to run across the chassis and also eliminates any protection your amplifier may have had from voltage surges and spikes.  You could end up with a dead amp or a dead band mate so the ground lift is NOT recommended.

In lieu of a ground lift, Ebtech makes this stunning little device called a Hum X or Hum Exterminator.  Simply plug it into the offending amplifier and plug into the wall.  Gound loop hum is gone without lifting the ground and causing a dangerous situation.  Basically the best you can do for a ground loop is to have good power and to make sure all your equipment is drawing its power from the same source.  This is where that really expensive power conditioner comes in.  Yes, it can cost more than you want to spend, but think of it as an insurance policy on your vintage gear.  The conditioner will allow you to plug all your gear into one place, greatly reducing the chances of a ground loop in the first place.  Also, a good quality, isolated pedal power supply is a step in the right direction.  We’ve discussed these before but having each pedal’s power isolated reduces interference from outside due to the fact that there is no physical connection between the power input and output (transformer isolation).  These two power units along with an Ebtech in your gig bag will virtually eliminate your chances of having issues with a ground loop.

Ebtech HumX

This device will safely eliminate ground loop issues without lifting ground to your gear.

 

Noise Reduction Units

 

So a common question we get is, “Will xxx noise reduction pedal make my Strat stop buzzing?”  The simple answer is no.  Noise reduction units do not make anything stop being noisy, they simply mute any noise below the threshold you set.  Since 60 cycle hum is a pretty low noise floor (usually) a noise reduction unit is probably not the best answer.  By the time you dial out the hum (if you can) you will lose so much dynamic range on your signal that it probably won’t be worth it.  Noise reduction units are normally best suited for eliminating noise (usually a hiss) associated with high gain or multiple gain stages.  As you stack gain stages, each one amplifies the one before it, including any noise coming from the first one, on down the line.  Noise reduction units are good for this but I’ve found they lack in combating ground loops.

 

Bring the Noise

 

So now that we’ve eliminated the noise in your rig (as much as possible anyway), it’s time to crank it up!  If you’ve been dealing with noise issues for a while, once you quiet things down a bit, you’ll notice that you can attain higher volume settings as well as more tube saturation than before without the loud hum.  That loud hum was probably covering up some of your tone so you might notice a clearer sound.  While hum is annoying, we now know it can be beaten with a little effort.  Thanks for reading and we’ll see you next time, in the Corner.

Comments

  1. nick says:

    great read. totally right on ground loop issues. i have been to so many gigs, where the people running it were morons, using wrong power sources and not listening to the musicians, ending up with being you shocked every time your lips touch the microphone while playing your guitar.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 7:57 am
  2. revrand says:

    Great article.  I had an issue with 60 Cycle hum.  I invested in a Monster Cable power supply and the Hum X.  Problem solved no more hum.  The Hum X is a good product I gig with it all the time and use it at home as well.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 8:00 am
  3. Chris Juday says:

    I follow your corner all the time.  Thanks always for the info. I do have a question though.  I’m in Japan and their wiring doesn’t feature a ground loop.  I want to get a power conditioner both for protection and to further reduce noise, but I’m pretty sure it’s pointless without a ground.  It’s annoying to have thousands of dollars in my rig and still have noise and basically no protection.  Any help?

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 8:03 am
  4. Stephen says:

    Another handy thing that people can use is the Electro Harmonix Hum Debugger. This pedal is designed to take care of 60 cycle hum associated with single coil pickups by throwing it in front of the amp.

    I found another use for it too. I had some noise related problems due to the power points in my room being on the same circuit as the fridge. Even with humbuckers it was a problem. I put the Hum Debugger in the effects loop of my amp, and it significantly reduced the hum I was getting through my amp.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 8:15 am
  5. Frank Mancinelli says:

    This is great info, but what if you have a device that is picking up a radio broadcast? I have an older Vox Wah-wah pedal that works great, except it will pick up an AM (I think) radio station. Any suggestions for solving this problem?

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 8:27 am
  6. Daemon Blak says:

    Great article.

    I’ve been using noise reduction for a few years but still was getting ground loop at random times. I was considering the HUM EX but after reading this article, I found a great power conditioner with built in noise reduction for less than the HUM EX, so that is the solution I will go for. Can’t thank you enough for the article.

    Daemon Blak

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 8:39 am
  7. pat heff says:

    haha i have that same furman board.. small product world i guess ;)

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 8:46 am
  8. Shango says:

    Great article! I am actually getting ready to shield and rewire my Strat this weekend! lol You’re reading my mind, Andy! I swear! :)

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 9:24 am
  9. Toby says:

    Awesome - thank u very much! Great topic!

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 10:10 am
  10. Abbacus says:

    Another fine article! Very useful information. On a sader note: I had a bad electrical shock and hum/noise issue with a really cool 1959 Epiphone Pathfinder amp and so, called a friend who is an electrical engineer who talked me through grounding the chassis. Well,  I blew the transformer! Some repairs are indeed best left to professionals!

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 10:15 am
  11. Bryan says:

    Caig Labs makes a number of products for cleaning electrical contacts. I recommend a good cleaning session with q-tips dipped in the caig fluid for your female jacks (UNPLUG ALL POWER CORDS FIRST) and paper towels for male plugs.  Use the caig fluid VERY sparingly; a tiny bit goes a long way.  In my 30+ year career, I’ve learned that over 95% of problems in a system are due to poor contacts.  Cleaning the contacts in your system can make an amazing difference.
    Frank, if your pedal is picking up an AM radio station, that smacks of a “rectification” issue.  See if cleaning the connectors helps any.  If not, seek out an old grey-beard HAM radio guy who has an electronics background and ask him what he thinks.  Sometimes an input shunt capacitor of a few picofarads will solve this but it can just as easily introduce problems.  Older equipment may be suffering from capacitor-rot, a condition that occurs when an electrolytic capacitor used as a power supply filter dries out and stops working, usually after 20 years or so.  An experienced technician should be able to identify bad caps and replace them for you.  Hope this helps.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 10:16 am
  12. Terry says:

    Great article! Like Shango, I have been thnking about this for a while now & am planning to shield my Strat.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 10:32 am
  13. Poobah says:

    I have toured the US and Canada, and got the hum x and it works great. In a few old clubs, nothing seemed to stop the 60 cycle noise, except turning down the high gain on my amps a bit, helped some. A volume pedal works , when there is no other solution, but can be annoying, when you are tap dancing on pedals, while you sing in a microphone. I am not an electrician, so I love hearing tips and stories about band problems.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 10:41 am
  14. Tom Keenan says:

    Does the HumX work in conjunction with something like a Furman power conditioner (I’ve been eying the Furman 6 outlet power bar with surge protection)?

    Great article Andy. Thanks.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 11:17 am
  15. Jack G says:

    If I read the article correctly, Andy says that no pedals will really eliminate 60 cycle hum from single coil pickup. Yet we also have a guy who is praising the Electro-Harmonics Hum Debugger pedal. So my question is does this EH Hum Debugger work or not? If anyone else has had positive or negative experiences with this product I would really like to hear about it.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 11:51 am
  16. Sandy Aphid says:

    Taylor Guitars is one of the few brands to have a fused ground, which they say is designed to protect the musician from a ground fault.  But, if the fuse blows, you’re left with a guitar that hums like mad, especially if it is in single coil mode!  This is true for their acoustics ( which utilize a unique string grounding system ) as well as their electrics.

    As a workaround, some people just jumper the fuse holder with a small piece of wire, which is probably no less safe than most other guitars on the market.

    Or you can carry spare fuses in your gig bag.  While replacing the fuse only takes a few minutes, unless you understand why it blew, you’ll immediately blow the new one too.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 12:02 pm
  17. bh says:

    i’ve found a temporary fix for a club with this grounding issue: “where there is more than one electrical path to ground.”  and i’d get a shock when my mouth touches the mic while playing guitar. 
      I’d just get a piece of wire (like a guitar string) and tape one end of the wire to the metal (ground) part of my guitar cable, the end that’s inserted on the input jack of my amp.  Then the other end of the wire into a metal part any microphone that’s connected to the mixing board (the mic i use on my amp is closest, so i use that).      it’s work flawlessly every time (used it for about 10 yrs. now, in different countries, including ones whose wiring doesn’t feature a grounding loop). pgs, what are your thoughts on this?
    thanks!

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 1:21 pm
  18. Stephen says:

    Well the Hum Debugger isn’t really a noise gate so I guess that’s why it works. It apparently removes certain harmonics that are present in 60 cycle hum. I’ve reviewed it on my blog too. It doesn’t completely stop noise or anything as such, it’s fairly specific.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 1:25 pm
  19. GeeturGod says:

    what a load! The guy clearly doesn’t know his stuff.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 1:59 pm
  20. Chris says:

    What about Compressors?! They are the noisiest pedals in the world and it’s not because they’re vintage, or the connections, or the power supply given to them. I’ve heard changing out components for high quality one’s helps but have never received a legit answer to this.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 4:35 pm
  21. Francesco says:

    I play mainly stratocasters, there’s no way to eliminate hum originating from single coils if not by changing pickups with noiseless ones. I thoroughly and carefully shielded as guitarnuts.com suggets all of my guitars but the hum was still there, reduced but still annoying. Then I bought a set of Kinman pickups and hum disappeared. Unfortunately I am not very fond off that particular classic strat sound as I was used to beefy and dark texas specials but they do sound good, just too polite.
    Sometimes I found that hum was originated from a delay pedal, unplugging its power cord and running it with batteries was the solution. This happened in certain locations only, go figure.
    It was not mentioned that old amps may need new filter caps, old and worn ones can cause loud hum.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 4:49 pm
  22. jecs says:

    Hey cool articles,
    I believe you forgot to mention that if you add a back plate it will make the pup a little hotter more defined if you will and it will to a degree change the tone of the pup.  A little More Low’s, More Mids.

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 5:55 pm
  23. Billy says:

    I got a trick for 60 cycle hum and a question for all of you electronics folks !

    I got a loud 60 cycle hum especially when I’m playing my rig at home (the guilt on the “vintage” nature my apartment’s wiring I guess, it got a strong 69’ vibe to it). Depending on the guitar I use and the mic position it gets louder or quieter (on the intermediate position of my Jazzmaster I got almost no 60 cycle hum). My electroacoustic being the noisiest one. One day I had issues with this guitar’s jack plug, I fiddled with it and each time my fingers where making contact with the jack’s sleeve the noise was falling to an almost unnoticeable level.

    So I had an idea, I took off one of my sockets and I put my bare foot one of my stompboxe’s chassis (it works even better if you’re touching the stompswitch at the same time) and the noise disappeared the same way ! And after some experimentation, I know it also works when I’m wearing thin sockets !

    So I know this hack works (at least for my rig), but why does it work and is it safe ? I’ve been doing it a lot since I discovered this trick and I was never shocked (at least with my rig !) , or never felt the slightest tickling when I was touching my strings at the same time, but I must admit I really don’t get it, why is the noise tamed when I “ground” my body even it’s not making physical contact with the strings ?

    I made some research since and I stumbled upon some dudes hooking a crocodile clip to their bridge connected to a ring on their right hand (I guess it was on guitarnuts) but in my case I don’t need physical contact with the strings, just your grounded body’s close enough to the guitar, so is it all about electromagnetics ?

    Anybody’s got an explanation or shares similar experience ?

    Thanks !

    posted on June 2, 2011 at 8:27 pm
  24. Kemal says:

    Another great article.  A well known way to change (mess with) ground potential is to put two anti-parallel power rectifier diodes (high enough rating to handle amp power supply filter capacitor charge up current) in parallel with a 1k resistor, and place these three items in the power line ground connection.  Add a pilot light (LED+13k 1/4w resistor) some plastic, and you too can sell one for $70.

    /kemal

    posted on June 3, 2011 at 12:08 am
  25. subconsciousdave says:

    I remember playing a yacht club one night where I was getting a lot of noise from my Tom Anderson single-coil stacks (so I had to switch to humbucking mode for the first set…which works, but the single-coils sound better). On break I found that the club had simply dimmed the lights down with dimmer switches but did not turn them completely off. Shutting off the lights, and thereby removing the dimmers from the circuit eliminated the problem and allowed me to restore my guitar to a true single coil sound.

    Sometimes things like neon lights (tranformers) cause a similar problem. Finding a fresher power source is the best option, but sometimes the only option is a filter/filtering power source. 

    To Billy…the barefoot thing works because you are actually grounding your “rig” (not your body…you become the ground) as it’s all connected…you won’t get a tingling unless you touch something with a power source of opposite polarity. There was an old studio trick where they put wire around your wrist and attached it to the bridge on the guitar to keep you in constant contact with it to eliminate noise similar to the ring thing…but I sure wouldn’t want to do that if there was ANY possibility of contacting another polarity. Old amplifiers used to have a polarity switch on the power source (I have an old Marshall and a Silvertone with them) but these days most thing have been standardized. If you’re too young to remember…the first thing that was done was enlarging one of the prongs on one of the plugs so it could only go in one way…and now the grounding plug (three pins). The problem in the real word is that it’s not all up to “the standard” and care must be taken not to get hurt…and I would definitely take care when it comes to old wiring!

        Dave

    posted on June 3, 2011 at 1:44 am
  26. Keith says:

    Good article Andy!  I’d add that loose connectors can get not only crackling noises, but a compromised ‘shield’ which allows stray signals, including hum, into your signal chain.  Check that the hex nuts holding down the female jacks (FX pedals, amps, guitars) are tight as that’s one of the most common things to become loose over time.

    One safety tip, and it’s so obvious I hesitate to say it, but whenever I get my eqpt setup at a gig I always start by having the other guys in the band power up their rigs and while I’m holding my guitar strings with my left hand, I’ll quickly and lightly ‘slap’ the strings on the other guitars in the band with my right hand.
    If no shock, move onto actually touching the other guitar’s strings or bridge.  Same goes for microphones although quite often you won’t feel anything with your hand (unless it’s a reversed polarity issue, in which case you can join the Ace Frehley club and get a hell of a jolt) but your lips can detect much smaller voltages, so after checking the mic with your hand, move on to the lip test.  Nothing worse than getting shocked on the lips.  Bottom line, check for lifted ground/shock issues BEFORE you start your gig.  Of course you could go for wireless rigs which won’t necessarily help with hum, but will 100% rule out getting shocked by your guitar.

    Oh.. and can we vote GeeturGod off the island now?

    posted on June 3, 2011 at 4:13 am
  27. John A. says:

    The Electro Harmonix Hum Debugger does color the sound, though the technology is interesting.  The effect, however slight, is a noticable metalic quality as one might hear with some very cheap reverb effects.

    I’ve had better luck with Rocktron Hush technology, though, it doesn’t cut hum completely—unless you set the dial agressively enough to produces a noticable gating effect. 

    And, I’d rather have a modest reduction in hum than color my sound.

    posted on June 3, 2011 at 4:59 am
  28. Greg M says:

    If you’re wah is broadcasting am radio signal you are picking up rf from probably the 9 volt power supply circuit.try soldering a very small ceramic capacitor like a 100-150nf across the 9v to ground.This should send those rf signals to their demise. There are many articles and diagrams out there -Google is your friend.

    posted on June 3, 2011 at 5:03 am
  29. Billy says:

    Thanks Dave ! I guess I should not do my trick while using a microphone then !

    posted on June 3, 2011 at 10:08 am
  30. Shane says:

    Thanks Andy, i’ve recently been considering getting rid of my Blackstar HT-40 due to the hum, noise and massive volume jumps I get from it but I will have a bash and see if I can get rid of it, I thought I could with a boss ns-2 and was quite disheartened when it failed. But now I will endeavour to achieve a silent rig.

    posted on June 4, 2011 at 4:52 am
  31. Nurali says:

    Hey guys,
    Anybody knows if there’s a similar product as the humX but 220v? I checked on their website, but it don’t look like they produce a European version..
    Thanks!:)

    posted on June 4, 2011 at 4:27 pm
  32. Pozycjonowanie-B72 says:

    Byc moze powinienes zastanowic sie nad pozycjonowaniem strony? <a >pozycjonowanie</a> Pozycjonowanie to umieszczanie jej wysoko w wynikach wyszukiwarek dzieki stosowaniu pewnego rodzaju zabiegow. Jeszcze do niedawna najlatwiejszym sposobem pozycjonowania bylo umieszczanie w tekscie, zamieszczonym na stronie, slow i fraz kluczowych <a >pozycjonowanie</a>..           
               
    Byly i sa one latwe do odnalezienia dla tzw. robotow wyszukiwarek. Slowa takie najczesciej wyodrebnia sie z tekstu za pomoca pogrubienia lub podkreslenia po to, aby staly sie jeszcze bardziej widoczne. Gdy wiec dane haslo zostanie wpisane <a >pozycjonowanie</a> w wyszukiwarce a jest dobrze wyeksponowane na stronie to istnieje duza szansa, ze strona ta pojawi sie gdzies na poczatkowej liscie wynikow wyszukiwania.           
    Pozycjonowanie to metoda, dla ktorej wazne sa wewnetrzne linki, <a >pozycjonowanie stron</a> optymalizowanie tresci i inne. Strona musi byc, bowiem zauwazana przez wyszukiwarki, ale jednoczesnie tez przez ludzi.           
               
    Musi zachecac trescia i wygladem do jej otwarcia i odwiedzenia.           
    Pozycjonowanie umozliwia, co prawda jej widocznosc <a >pozycjonowanie</a>, ale to jeszcze nie znaczy, ze krotki tekst ze strony, pojawiajacy sie razem z wyszukana fraza, bedzie na tyle ciekawy i przejrzysty, ze uzytkownik szukajacy wiadomosci na dany temat <a >tanie pozycjonowanie</a> otworzy akurat ten link. Korzystanie z wyszukiwarek bardzo pomaga w zdobywaniu informacji, dlatego dla kazdego uzytkownika wazne jest, aby, na pierwszych stronach otrzymanych wynikow, <a >tanie pozycjonowanie</a> wyswietlaly sie te najbardziej rzetelne, kompetentne i sprawdzone.

    posted on March 11, 2012 at 9:55 pm
  33. Pozycjonowanie-K86 says:

    Byc moze powinienes zastanowic sie nad pozycjonowaniem strony? <a >pozycjonowanie</a> Pozycjonowanie to umieszczanie jej wysoko w wynikach wyszukiwarek dzieki stosowaniu pewnego rodzaju zabiegow. Jeszcze do niedawna najlatwiejszym sposobem pozycjonowania bylo umieszczanie w tekscie, zamieszczonym na stronie, slow i fraz kluczowych <a >pozycjonowanie</a>..

    Byly i sa one latwe do odnalezienia dla tzw. robotow wyszukiwarek. Slowa takie najczesciej wyodrebnia sie z tekstu za pomoca pogrubienia lub podkreslenia po to, aby staly sie jeszcze bardziej widoczne. Gdy wiec dane haslo zostanie wpisane <a >pozycjonowanie</a> w wyszukiwarce a jest dobrze wyeksponowane na stronie to istnieje duza szansa, ze strona ta pojawi sie gdzies na poczatkowej liscie wynikow wyszukiwania.
    Pozycjonowanie to metoda, dla ktorej wazne sa wewnetrzne linki, <a >pozycjonowanie</a> optymalizowanie tresci i inne. Strona musi byc, bowiem zauwazana przez wyszukiwarki, ale jednoczesnie tez przez ludzi.

    Musi zachecac trescia i wygladem do jej otwarcia i odwiedzenia.
    Pozycjonowanie umozliwia, co prawda jej widocznosc <a >pozycjonowanie</a>, ale to jeszcze nie znaczy, ze krotki tekst ze strony, pojawiajacy sie razem z wyszukana fraza, bedzie na tyle ciekawy i przejrzysty, ze uzytkownik szukajacy wiadomosci na dany temat <a >pozycjonowanie</a> otworzy akurat ten link. Korzystanie z wyszukiwarek bardzo pomaga w zdobywaniu informacji, dlatego dla kazdego uzytkownika wazne jest, aby, na pierwszych stronach otrzymanych wynikow, <a >pozycjonowanie stron</a> wyswietlaly sie te najbardziej rzetelne, kompetentne i sprawdzone.

    posted on March 23, 2012 at 8:43 pm
  34. Pozycjonowanie-B49 says:

    Byc moze powinienes zastanowic sie nad pozycjonowaniem strony? <a >pozycjonowanie</a> Pozycjonowanie to umieszczanie jej wysoko w wynikach wyszukiwarek dzieki stosowaniu pewnego rodzaju zabiegow. Jeszcze do niedawna najlatwiejszym sposobem pozycjonowania bylo umieszczanie w tekscie, zamieszczonym na stronie, slow i fraz kluczowych <a >pozycjonowanie</a>..

    Byly i sa one latwe do odnalezienia dla tzw. robotow wyszukiwarek. Slowa takie najczesciej wyodrebnia sie z tekstu za pomoca pogrubienia lub podkreslenia po to, aby staly sie jeszcze bardziej widoczne. Gdy wiec dane haslo zostanie wpisane <a >pozycjonowanie</a> w wyszukiwarce a jest dobrze wyeksponowane na stronie to istnieje duza szansa, ze strona ta pojawi sie gdzies na poczatkowej liscie wynikow wyszukiwania.
    Pozycjonowanie to metoda, dla ktorej wazne sa wewnetrzne linki, <a >pozycjonowanie</a> optymalizowanie tresci i inne. Strona musi byc, bowiem zauwazana przez wyszukiwarki, ale jednoczesnie tez przez ludzi.

    Musi zachecac trescia i wygladem do jej otwarcia i odwiedzenia.
    Pozycjonowanie umozliwia, co prawda jej widocznosc <a >pozycjonowanie stron</a>, ale to jeszcze nie znaczy, ze krotki tekst ze strony, pojawiajacy sie razem z wyszukana fraza, bedzie na tyle ciekawy i przejrzysty, ze uzytkownik szukajacy wiadomosci na dany temat <a >pozycjonowanie stron</a> otworzy akurat ten link. Korzystanie z wyszukiwarek bardzo pomaga w zdobywaniu informacji, dlatego dla kazdego uzytkownika wazne jest, aby, na pierwszych stronach otrzymanych wynikow, <a >pozycjonowanie</a> wyswietlaly sie te najbardziej rzetelne, kompetentne i sprawdzone.

    posted on March 30, 2012 at 8:40 pm
  35. Pozycjonowanie-K28 says:

    Byc moze powinienes zastanowic sie nad pozycjonowaniem strony? <a >pozycjonowanie stron</a> Pozycjonowanie to umieszczanie jej wysoko w wynikach wyszukiwarek dzieki stosowaniu pewnego rodzaju zabiegow. Jeszcze do niedawna najlatwiejszym sposobem pozycjonowania bylo umieszczanie w tekscie, zamieszczonym na stronie, slow i fraz kluczowych <a >pozycjonowanie</a>..

    Byly i sa one latwe do odnalezienia dla tzw. robotow wyszukiwarek. Slowa takie najczesciej wyodrebnia sie z tekstu za pomoca pogrubienia lub podkreslenia po to, aby staly sie jeszcze bardziej widoczne. Gdy wiec dane haslo zostanie wpisane <a >pozycjonowanie</a> w wyszukiwarce a jest dobrze wyeksponowane na stronie to istnieje duza szansa, ze strona ta pojawi sie gdzies na poczatkowej liscie wynikow wyszukiwania.
    Pozycjonowanie to metoda, dla ktorej wazne sa wewnetrzne linki, <a >pozycjonowanie</a> optymalizowanie tresci i inne. Strona musi byc, bowiem zauwazana przez wyszukiwarki, ale jednoczesnie tez przez ludzi.

    Musi zachecac trescia i wygladem do jej otwarcia i odwiedzenia.
    Pozycjonowanie umozliwia, co prawda jej widocznosc <a >pozycjonowanie stron</a>, ale to jeszcze nie znaczy, ze krotki tekst ze strony, pojawiajacy sie razem z wyszukana fraza, bedzie na tyle ciekawy i przejrzysty, ze uzytkownik szukajacy wiadomosci na dany temat <a >tanie pozycjonowanie</a> otworzy akurat ten link. Korzystanie z wyszukiwarek bardzo pomaga w zdobywaniu informacji, dlatego dla kazdego uzytkownika wazne jest, aby, na pierwszych stronach otrzymanych wynikow, <a >pozycjonowanie</a> wyswietlaly sie te najbardziej rzetelne, kompetentne i sprawdzone.

    posted on April 10, 2012 at 8:50 pm
  36. Pozycjonowanie-Q83 says:

    Byc moze powinienes zastanowic sie nad pozycjonowaniem strony? <a >pozycjonowanie</a> Pozycjonowanie to umieszczanie jej wysoko w wynikach wyszukiwarek dzieki stosowaniu pewnego rodzaju zabiegow. Jeszcze do niedawna najlatwiejszym sposobem pozycjonowania bylo umieszczanie w tekscie, zamieszczonym na stronie, slow i fraz kluczowych <a >pozycjonowanie</a>..

    Byly i sa one latwe do odnalezienia dla tzw. robotow wyszukiwarek. Slowa takie najczesciej wyodrebnia sie z tekstu za pomoca pogrubienia lub podkreslenia po to, aby staly sie jeszcze bardziej widoczne. Gdy wiec dane haslo zostanie wpisane <a >pozycjonowanie</a> w wyszukiwarce a jest dobrze wyeksponowane na stronie to istnieje duza szansa, ze strona ta pojawi sie gdzies na poczatkowej liscie wynikow wyszukiwania.
    Pozycjonowanie to metoda, dla ktorej wazne sa wewnetrzne linki, <a >pozycjonowanie</a> optymalizowanie tresci i inne. Strona musi byc, bowiem zauwazana przez wyszukiwarki, ale jednoczesnie tez przez ludzi.

    Musi zachecac trescia i wygladem do jej otwarcia i odwiedzenia.
    Pozycjonowanie umozliwia, co prawda jej widocznosc <a >pozycjonowanie stron</a>, ale to jeszcze nie znaczy, ze krotki tekst ze strony, pojawiajacy sie razem z wyszukana fraza, bedzie na tyle ciekawy i przejrzysty, ze uzytkownik szukajacy wiadomosci na dany temat <a >pozycjonowanie</a> otworzy akurat ten link. Korzystanie z wyszukiwarek bardzo pomaga w zdobywaniu informacji, dlatego dla kazdego uzytkownika wazne jest, aby, na pierwszych stronach otrzymanych wynikow, <a >pozycjonowanie</a> wyswietlaly sie te najbardziej rzetelne, kompetentne i sprawdzone.

    posted on April 14, 2012 at 4:23 pm
  37. Pozycjonowanie-B33 says:

    Byc moze powinienes zastanowic sie nad pozycjonowaniem strony? <a >pozycjonowanie stron</a> Pozycjonowanie to umieszczanie jej wysoko w wynikach wyszukiwarek dzieki stosowaniu pewnego rodzaju zabiegow. Jeszcze do niedawna najlatwiejszym sposobem pozycjonowania bylo umieszczanie w tekscie, zamieszczonym na stronie, slow i fraz kluczowych <a >pozycjonowanie</a>..

    Byly i sa one latwe do odnalezienia dla tzw. robotow wyszukiwarek. Slowa takie najczesciej wyodrebnia sie z tekstu za pomoca pogrubienia lub podkreslenia po to, aby staly sie jeszcze bardziej widoczne. Gdy wiec dane haslo zostanie wpisane <a >pozycjonowanie</a> w wyszukiwarce a jest dobrze wyeksponowane na stronie to istnieje duza szansa, ze strona ta pojawi sie gdzies na poczatkowej liscie wynikow wyszukiwania.
    Pozycjonowanie to metoda, dla ktorej wazne sa wewnetrzne linki, <a >pozycjonowanie</a> optymalizowanie tresci i inne. Strona musi byc, bowiem zauwazana przez wyszukiwarki, ale jednoczesnie tez przez ludzi.

    Musi zachecac trescia i wygladem do jej otwarcia i odwiedzenia.
    Pozycjonowanie umozliwia, co prawda jej widocznosc <a >pozycjonowanie</a>, ale to jeszcze nie znaczy, ze krotki tekst ze strony, pojawiajacy sie razem z wyszukana fraza, bedzie na tyle ciekawy i przejrzysty, ze uzytkownik szukajacy wiadomosci na dany temat <a >pozycjonowanie</a> otworzy akurat ten link. Korzystanie z wyszukiwarek bardzo pomaga w zdobywaniu informacji, dlatego dla kazdego uzytkownika wazne jest, aby, na pierwszych stronach otrzymanych wynikow, <a >pozycjonowanie stron</a> wyswietlaly sie te najbardziej rzetelne, kompetentne i sprawdzone.

    posted on April 28, 2012 at 2:17 am
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    posted on June 13, 2012 at 8:36 pm
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